The following guide discusses tree planting techniques suited for planting trees in the type of environment found in and around Halifax and Dartmouth NS.
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The ideal time to plant trees and shrubs is during the dormant season and in the fall after leaf drop or early spring before bud break. Weather conditions are cool and allow plants to establish roots in the new location before spring rains and summer heat stimulate new top growth. However, trees properly cared for in the nursery or garden center, and given the appropriate care during transport to prevent damage, can be planted throughout the growing season. This tree planting service guide applies also to tree transplanting and shrub transplanting.
In either situation, proper handling during planting is essential to ensure a healthy future for new trees and shrubs.
Before you begin planting your tree, be sure you have had all underground utilities located prior to digging.
If the tree you are planting is balled or bare root, it is important to understand that its root system has been reduced by 90 to 95 percent of its original size during transplanting
As a result of the trauma caused by the digging process, trees commonly exhibit what is known as transplant shock.
Containerized trees may also experience transplant shock, particularly if they have circling roots that must be cut.
Transplant shock is indicated by slow growth and reduced vigor following transplanting.
Proper site preparation before and during planting coupled with good follow-up care reduces the amount of time the plant experiences transplant shock and allows the tree to quickly establish in its new location. Carefully follow nine simple steps, and you can significantly reduce the stress placed on the plant at the time of planting.
Continue with step 9 until mid-fall, tapering off for lower temperatures that require less-frequent watering. Other follow-up care may include minor pruning of branches damaged during the planting process. Prune sparingly immediately after planting and wait to begin necessary corrective pruning until after a full season of growth in the new location.
Written on: Jan 2nd, 2007
Authored by: Arbor Plant Health Care